The 4-2-5 defense in football has gained popularity among coaches in recent years due to its ability to stop the spread offense. This defense includes four defensive linemen, two linebackers, and five defensive backs.
This defense thrives on speed and athleticism to stop the opponent’s offense. The 4-2-5 is a one gap defense which means each defensive player only has one gap to fill when stopping the run.
With five defensive backs on the field this defense is also able to match up with pass-happy teams.
Lining it up
To understand the 4-2-5 defense in football you first need to understand how it is set up.
One defensive tackle in a 4-2-5 defense will be a one technique while the other tackle will be a three-technique. A one technique means they are going to line up between the center and guard.
While a three-technique means the defender will line up between the guard and tackle.
The three-technique will line up on the strongside of the formation while the one technique will be on the weakside.
Each side of the defensive line will feature an edge defender. These two players will lineup just outside the tackle on either side of the line.
Generally speaking, the strong side edge is going to be a larger player as he is more likely to take on blocks against the run. While the weakside edge defender is often faster and more athletic.
When it comes to linebackers there are only two in this formation. The 4-2-5 defense features a weakside/will linebacker and a mike linebacker though the terminology used for these players often differs by coaching staff.
The weakside linebacker is going to be the faster more athletic linebacker and will often lead the team in tackles in this formation.
The Mike linebacker is the larger run-stopping linebacker who needs to be able to take on blocks and plug holes.
There are a total of five defensive backs in this formation. Two cornerbacks with one lined up near each sideline. A free safety and a strong safety which line up deep downfield in a 4-2-5 defense.
There is then one more defensive back in this formation which can be referred to as a rover, dog, or nickel. This fifth db lines up roughly five yards off the line of scrimmage between the Mike linebacker and the cornerback.
This additional defensive back is generally capable of both pass coverage as well as run stopping.
When it comes to run defense the 4-2-5 can be extremely effective. As we stated earlier each defensive player is going to be responsible for filling a specific gap in the offensive line.
For those that don’t know a gap refers to the space between offensive players. The area between the center and guards is the A gap and the area between the guards and tackle is the B gap etc…
As you can see in the image above each defensive lineman and linebacker has a gap to fill in this defense.
The edge defender on the weak side of the formation must fill the C gap which is outside the tackle. The Defensive tackle on the weakside will fill the B gap .
The A gap on the weakside of the formation is filled by the Will linebacker who starts the play roughly four yards back from the line of scrimmage.
The A gap on the strong side is covered by the 1 technique defensive tackle. The Mike linebacker then fills the B gap on the strong side. And the edge defender on the strong side fills the C gap.
This way each defensive player has one gap they need to cover for the play. What this does is allow the defenders to play a much more aggressive style of football.
Instead of having to sit back and read the play these defenders know exactly where they have to go if the ball is run.
Ideally, these defenders want to be able to fill their gap giving the ball carrier nowhere to go. This will often force the ball carrier to the outside of the 4 2 5 defense where the “rover” can make the tackle.
The pass coverage in a 4-2-5 defense can be incredibly effective especially when covering several receivers.
The beauty of this defense is that it’s flexibility can allow coaches to use many different coverages.
Man coverage in the 4-2-5 defense is quite straightforward. First off the cornerbacks will play man coverage against the wide receivers lined up in front of them.
The strong safety and rover will often play man to man against the tight end or slot receiver on their side of the field.
The linebackers will generally pick up the running back if he runs a route to their side of the field. If he does not they will often stay in a short zone in the middle of the field.
The free safety will usually play a deep zone in man coverage plays and will help defenders out when their receiver runs a deep route.
This is just one example of man coverage with the 4-2-5 defense as there are many different options.
For an example of zone coverage, we will display how the 4-2-5 defense would run a cover three.
One way the 4-2-5 defense would run this play is by having the strong safety and rover playing very similar roles.
The rover and the strong safety will play as flat defenders and will cover the short outside zones on either side of the field.
This will prevent the quarterback from completing easy check-down passes to the outside.
The cornerbacks and free safety will be the players responsible for covering the deep portion of the field.
Each cornerback will retreat backwards at the start of the play and cover one-third of the deep portion of the field.
This deep pass coverage means that the 4-2-5 defense is a bend but don’t break defensive formation.
The free safety will stay in the center of the field covering the middle third.
These three players playing deep coverage is what makes this play a cover three.
The two linebackers will be responsible for covering the middle of the field from short and intermediate passes. Their zone is often described as the hook/curl zone.
During this time all four defensive linemen will be pass-rushing the quarterback.
It is also worth mentioning that some teams using a 4-2-5 defense will use a split coverage when defending the pass. This means they will have different coverages on either side of the field.