A three point stance in football is a position some players get into before the ball is snapped. It is called a three-point stance because a player in this stance will have his two feet and one hand on the ground, a total of three points making contact with the ground.
In the game of football, there is also a four-point stance that requires players to place both hands as well as both feet on the ground before the play.
Which Positions Use A Three Point Stance
Defensive end is one of the positions that utilize the three-point stance the most. Players will get into this stance prior to the snap. This allows these players to have multiple options when rushing the passer.
By having a hand on the ground in their three point stance these players can use their low center of gravity to pull off a bull rush and beat the offensive line with their power.
A defensive end may also be able to explode out of the stance and beat the tackle around the outside using speed. In most cases, defensive ends will use a three-point stance or will be upright standing on only their feet.
Another position that often utilizes the three-point stance is the guard position. These players have the job of protecting the quarterback and making holes for the running back on rushing plays.
By using the three-point stance guards are able to retreat backwards in pass protection with a low center of gravity. Or they can launch themselves forward due to the forward weight resting on the hand in the three-point stance.
The tight end position is another one that uses the three point stance when lining up for a play. Depending on whether or not the tight end is on the lining up beside the tackle is usually going to determine if they are in the three-point stance.
If a tight end is lined up in the slot for example he will be standing upright as he is most likely running a route.
By getting into the three point stance beside the tackle the tight end is essentially becoming part of the offensive line. The low center of gravity in the stance allows the tight end to block players if that is his assignment on the given play.
By entering this stance the tight end also gives himself the ability to get a quick first step on his route. Similar to how Olympic sprinters get down into a forward-leaning stance, a three-point stance can help you get a quick start first few steps.
This is essential in gaining separation or quickly finding a hole in the opponent’s zone defense.